Duke Friedrich had the houses between the Collegiate Church and the Old Chancellery torn down and commissioned Heinrich Schickardt, a master builder from Herrenberg, to create the square. The area belonged to the royal court and was used by the dukes for ceremonial purposes. Only after the court had transferred its activities to the New Palace and the new Palace Square could this square now be taken over by the townspeople for their everyday activities. This freedom of the common people is symbolised by the Schiller Monument, which was endowed by the Stuttgarter Liederkranz, created by the Danish sculptor Bertel Thorwaldsen and cast in Munich from cannon metal. It was ceremoniously unveiled in 1839.
Friedrich Schiller, born in 1759 in Marbach am Neckar not far north of Stuttgart, spent some of his formative years in Stuttgart. Schiller was a pupil at the Hohe Carlsschule and later a regimental doctor in the Legionskaserne barracks. The more time he devoted to writing, the more difficulties he had with Duke Carl Eugen, with whom he had originally got on very well. After publishing his drama "Die Räuber" (The Robbers) in which he campaigned against tyranny, Schiller realised that it was impossible for him to remain in Stuttgart, and in 1782 he left the town under a false name along with his friend, Streicher.
On Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday mornings the Schillerplatz is the scene of Stuttgart's flower market. At the end of August it is part of the Stuttgart Wine Village and in December part of the Christmas Market.
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